Diabetes-Things to Know

Paula McKinney


Diabetes, a metabolic disease in which the pancreas does not function properly in insulin production, causes increased glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), it is the 7th leading cause of death in America and over 29 million people or 9.3% of the US population has the disease. There are various types of Diabetes such as Type I, Type II, and Gestational diabetes. Diabetes is monitored by testing blood sugar levels.

In Type I the pancreas cannot produce insulin and individuals need to inject insulin into their body. In Type II the pancreas does not produce insulin correctly and individuals may need to take oral medication. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy.

The ADA recommends that if you have experienced the following signs and symptoms to consult a physician immediately. A simple blood test can confirm if you have Diabetes.

High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia)

  • Frequent urination
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Extreme thirst or hunger
  • Blurred vision.

Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)

  • Shaking
  • Sweating
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Anxiety
  • Dizziness
  • Irritability
  • Weakness or feeling tired.

Editor's Note

Paula is the VP Patient Care Services/Chief Nursing Officer at Woodlawn Hospital.
Scroll to Top